We won over the deadly virus from the corona that attacked humans, the goal of eradicating HIV from the world by 2030 | Human being killed 50 million smallpox, made many virus vaccines, HIV-corona would also die » India News
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We won over the deadly virus from the corona that attacked humans, the goal of eradicating HIV from the world by 2030 | Human being killed 50 million smallpox, made many virus vaccines, HIV-corona would also die

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  • We Won Over The Deadly Virus From The Corona That Attacked Humans, The Goal Of Eradicating HIV From The World By 2030

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Along with the development of civilizations, humans have been constantly facing the attack of deadly viruses. They also lost the lives of crores of people. Every time it felt that a greater danger was never imposed on humans, but humans managed to control the biggest virus. One such virus of modern times is HIV, which causes fatal AIDS. After several decades of panic, finally in 2015, all the countries led by the United Nations have announced to erase it from the world by 2030 and we are slowly moving towards this.

At present, the entire world is facing a similar attack of corona virus. Big countries including India were shaken by this, but this time also the spirit of humans has started to control the corona. Around 48 corona vaccines are being developed in the world. About 9 of these vaccine trials are in the third phase. It is believed that in 2021, humans will get a decisive victory over Corona.

Actually, viruses are one of the oldest living organisms on Earth. According to the Scientific American magazine, there are about 6 lakh viruses that can pass from animals to humans. Apart from HIV, corona, smallpox or smallpox, SARS, Ebola, swine flu, rabies are also such deadly viruses. Smallpox killed more than 500 million people in the 18th and 19th centuries, but we eliminated it from the world by making a vaccine. On World AIDS Day, we are telling you the story of the 10 most dangerous viruses that attack humans and the human victory over them.

HIV : The pace of infection has stopped, will be over from the root by 2030

The pace of HIV transmission has stopped in the last decade, but there is still a challenge in India. There are about 2.2 million AIDS victims in India. UN AIDS report states that 88 thousand new patients were found in India in 2018, while 69 thousand people died due to AIDS. India accounts for 10% of the world’s total AIDS patients. India has the highest number of AIDS patients after South Africa and Nigeria, according to the IndexMandi portal. Despite such problems, out of 12 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations in 2015, the third goal (better health and well-being) is to eradicate HIV by 2030. The project aims to reduce new HIV AIDS deaths by 90–90% by 2030. It is also called Project-90.

The target is-

  1. 90% of HIV infected people know themselves
  2. At least 90% receive treatment when they become infected
  3. In patients undergoing treatment, viral load from drugs is extremely low

Smallpox: the first virus in history to be completely eradicated with a vaccine

Humans have witnessed many periods of terrible outbreak of smallpox. The epidemic of the variola virus is thought to have begun in 1520, but evidence has also been found in mummies found in Egypt. Smallpox has killed most of the world’s people (30 to 500 million deaths) than any virus. The death rate is 90%. In the 20th century alone, 200 million people died of the disease. However, the virus has now been completely eradicated from the world through vaccination. The first vaccine was invented by British doctor Edward Jenner in 1796. In the history of humanity, smallpox is the only disease that can be completely controlled through any medicine or vaccine. In 1979 the WHO declared the whole world as smallpox free.

Influenza – Every year around 5 lakh people lose their lives due to some or the other virus.

Common cough and cold are also called flu and Spanish flu. The 4 categories of influenza viruses are responsible for many infections. The Spanish flu is one of the most severe epidemics of human recent history. It is believed that 5 crore people died. Like the current Corona, people were quarantined to deal with the Spanish flu. In 1968, a million people died from the Hong Kong flu. Even today, that virus is among us as seasonal flu. Similarly, swine flu also spreads to another form of H1N1 virus. In 2009, 70 million to 140 million people are believed to have been infected with asymptomatic (non-symptomatic) swine flu, which was about 11 to 21% of the 6.8 billion population at the time. But humans have also overcome this. The WHO also declared the epidemic to end in 2010.

Hantavirus: spread from infected rat or squirrel, vaccine made in China

The Hanta virus, spread by mice, was first discovered in 1993. When a couple in America died due to being infected with this virus. After this, 600 people died of the disease in a few months. If a rat or squirrel is infected with the virus, it can also spread the infection. A major cause of the spread of this virus is the exposure of mice to the place of stool. During the Korean War, 3000 soldiers were sickened by the Hanta virus, 12% of them were killed.

Rabies: 20 thousand people killed every year, vaccine sure rescue possible

Rabies is a viral disease that causes acute encephalitis in the brains of warm-blooded organisms. 99% of the disease is due to dogs biting or scratching them. Every year 20 thousand people die of rabies in India, of which 40% are under 15 years of age. Whereas in the whole world this figure is 59 thousand. The anti-rabies vaccine is administered free of cost to the disease spread in more than 150 countries. The famous French scientist Louis Pasteur successfully tested the rabies vaccine on 6 July 1885. His discovery revolutionized the medical world and saved humanity from a major crisis.

Ebola: spread over 16 countries in 44 years, its vaccine was made

Ebola first appeared in 1967. Even after 44 years, this virus has not been completely eradicated. In 44 years, the virus has spread to 16 countries. The highest number of cases were reported in Syria, Liberia and Guinea. In 31 thousand cases, more than 28 thousand cases came in these three countries, which is 92% of the total cases. WHO declared it as a public health emergency. So far, 13,000 people have lost their lives due to this infection. Between 2013 and 2016, 11,300 people from Syria, Liberia and Guinea died of the infection.

Mars: In 8 years, reached 27 countries, 5 vaccines are on the verge of being ready

The virus first appeared in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and then South Korea in 2015. The class from which the SARS corona virus and the existing Kovid-19 come, was also related to the same class. First camel disease occurred in humans and it spread to humans. Its cases are coming up in the last 8 years. In eight years, the virus has spread to 27 countries. So far, 2494 cases of this virus have been reported. Due to this, 858 people have lost their lives so far. The death rate of this virus is above 34%.

Rotavirus: 4 lakh children die every year, it is possible to kill it with vaccine

In developing countries rotavirus makes its own prey for young children. In 2008, about 4.5 lakh children over 5 years of age had died of rotavirus infection, while in 2013 there were about 2,15,000 deaths due to rotavirus infection, mostly children. According to the World Health Organization, about 4 lakh children die from this disease every year. It causes severe diarrhea in infected children. The first vaccine was found in Mexico in 2006. It now has two vaccines available in the market.

Marburg: Death rate 90%, US created vaccine in 2019

The virus first appeared in Serbia and Yugoslavia in 1967, 53 years ago. The virus was leaked from a lab in Germany, which came to humans from monkeys. From 1967 to 2014, cases of this virus continued to be reported. The impact of the virus was seen in 13 countries, most of which are African countries. So far, only 587 cases of this virus have been reported. The maximum number of cases have been reported in Angola and DR Congo. The two countries together account for 528 cases, which is about 90% of the total cases. But the shocking thing is that 475 people died in just 587 cases. It is the world’s most deadly virus.

Corona: Russian Vaccine Sputnik V to be made in India

The corona virus, which originated from the city of Wuhan in China, has taken the form of a dangerous epidemic worldwide. So far, 6 crore 30 lakh cases of corona have been reported in the world. 14 lakh 66 thousand people have died. The good thing is that 4 crore 36 lakh people have been cured so far. So far 94.32 lakh people have been infected in India, 88.46 lakh people have been cured, while 1.37 lakh patients have died. Around 48 corona vaccines are being developed in the world. About 9 of these vaccine trials are in the third phase. It is believed that in 2021 June-July, its vaccine will also be ready.

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