The farmers neither want subsidy nor do they want an honor installment of 2000 rupees | What is its economics, why is it not the solution to every problem of the farmer! » India News
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The farmers neither want subsidy nor do they want an honor installment of 2000 rupees | What is its economics, why is it not the solution to every problem of the farmer!

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  • The Farmers Neither Want Subsidy Nor Do They Want An Honor Installment Of 2000 Rupees

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Mumbai6 minutes ago

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  • The first installment of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi was released in February 2019
  • Under this, farmers get an amount of 2 thousand rupees every 4 months.

On Friday, 9 crore farmers have been given 18 thousand crore rupees under the last and seventh installment of the year. The government system promoted it extensively. But, who is being beaten down by saying that farmers are respected, in reality he is neither respectful nor necessary fund. In such a situation, the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme has become a mere show-off.

Let’s talk about the beginning of respect
Its foundation was laid in the year 2018. A total of 22 people met at the house of Union Minister Rajnath Singh. It included Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chauhan, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, some industrialists and four farmers’ leaders. The farmer leaders were led by Dr. Rajaram Tripathi, a farmer from Bastar in Chhattisgarh.

Declaration form of Rajnath’s house
Rajaram Tripathi is the convenor of the All India Kisan Mahasangh (IIFA). It has 45 farmer organizations. A declaration was made at Rajnath’s house. In this manifesto, Rajaram Tripathi advised that the farmers should be given 24 thousand rupees annually.

The story is like this
The story behind this is such that in the meeting, Tripathi said that when the farmer becomes weak, unable to work, he does not have respect in his own house. Old age passes very hard. He is persecuted. After 60 years of farming, for such a situation, if he gets 2 thousand rupees a month, then his honor will remain in the house.

6-hour meeting
In this meeting of 6 hours, it was suggested that instead of subsidy, if the farmers get this amount directly, then they will invest this amount in agriculture and the production of food grains will be good. Although the Telangana government already gives 16 thousand rupees annually to the farmers. His proposal was accepted, but it was increased to 6 thousand rupees annually instead of 24 thousand. It was implemented a year later i.e. in February 2019.

It doesn’t solve the problem
Actually, it is a sum of 500 rupees a month. The farmer who lives in the villages, has to go to the bank 2-3 times a month to collect this amount. Because, the bank only gives money to 100-200 people at a time. If a farmer went to the bank twice for this amount, his two days’ wages were reduced to 600 rupees. Then the fare for transportation is different. In such a situation, it does not matter whether or not to give such a small amount. However, this amount can be useful if found at once. Farmer’s time to visit the bank will also be saved.

The government is giving farmers funds for the name, but it is not respectable. On the other hand, last year it was reported from RTI that the Reserve Bank had written off Rs 70,000 crore of loans of only 60 industrialists, which is more than Rs 54,000 crore to 16,000 crore rupees for nine crore farmers in a year. But, the propaganda is such that the farmers are getting everything in the country.

What are the main demands of farmers?
The demand of farmers is that in the minimum price support (MSP), a fixed price should be given that there is no businessman or government for less than this, will not buy the crop. The government is saying that this will happen, but it is not bringing an ordinance on it. So the real screw in this is right here. Also, hold the bill. If this government accepts only this, then the movement will end.

Government only buys 7% of the crop
The government currently buys only 7% of farmers’ crop on MSP. There is no demand that the government should buy the crop. If this law is made, then the merchant will also buy the crop, then the farmers will get a good amount. Wheat is sold at Rs 16 per kg, while companies are giving Rs 45-50 per kg of the same wheat. This is more than double the profit.

What is the system abroad?
After 60 years in Japan, everyone, whether farmer or someone else, is given a monthly pension of 70 thousand rupees. We call this social security. In the US, a monthly amount of 60 thousand rupees is given under it. Here it is given on the basis of grade. That is, the more you pay the tax, the more this money gets. This is the reason that people in America are vying to pay more taxes. While in India it is 500 rupees, that too only in the name of wooing the farmers. We do not have social security at all. If you want to give, then at least it should be given so that it is of some use.

Farmers demand that if minimum wage is fixed in the country then why can’t MSP be fixed? The government should do this.

Contract farming conditions in Thailand and Malaysia
In Thailand, farmers participate fiercely in contract farming. There is a contract farming system here, in which the farmer participates for two reasons. First, it ensures 52% market. Prices are stable at 46%. The South Asian economy shows that the contract farming scheme is very successful in Malaysia for 2 reasons. The first reason is that the government set up the Federal Land Development Authority. Secondly, this authority manages contract farming.

Why is there more opposition in Punjab?
Actually, this whole matter is related to the tax of the states. They are afraid that the new law will eliminate their tax. For example, Punjab gets Rs 3,500 crore annually from mandi taxes and fees. It is charged with handling 6% mandi tax and 2.5% central procurement.

Punjab is behind the suicides of farmers
Talking about farmer suicides, in 2019 only 3% of farmers in Punjab committed suicide. While Punjab’s role is important in the farmers’ movement. 6% of Chhattisgarh, 6% of Telangana, 8% of Madhya Pradesh, 12% of Andhra Pradesh, 22% of Karnataka farmers committed suicide. Maharashtra topped 45% of farmers who committed suicide. Interestingly, Punjab’s agricultural house hold income has been 2.3 times higher than Maharashtra and Karnataka.

Statistics show that a total of 11,584 farmers committed suicide in 2015, 11,379 in 2016, 10,655 in 2017, 10,349 in 2018 and 10,269 in 2019.

Farmers Credit Card
Now farmers see credit card dues. In Punjab, there is an outstanding of Rs 2,93,288 per farmer credit card. It owes Rs 211,577 in Haryana, Rs 141,583 in Rajasthan, Rs 98,722 in Uttar Pradesh, Rs 96,146 in Madhya Pradesh, Rs 57,488 in Chhattisgarh and Rs 96,523 in Maharashtra. As of March 2020, the total outstanding credit card balance of farmers has been Rs 7,095 billion. It has 6.7 crore Kisan Credit Cards.

Making MSP floor price harmful for market
According to research by SBI, applying MSP as a floor price to both inside and outside the market would be harmful for the market as per the demand of farmers. This will deter buyers, because if everyone takes the goods at the same rate, then they will not have an incentive or competitive edge. In such a situation, some buyers will try to buy at a lower price than many small farmers.

In such a situation, SBI has given five measures to solve the problem of farmers.

1- Five Year Quantity Guarantee Clause
Instead of the MSP that farmers are asking for as a price guarantee, the government can add a Quantity Guarantee Clause to the law for at least five years. Accordingly, for five consecutive years, she will continue to buy the same percentage of the total production of farmers as she had purchased last year. With this, it can take measures for the livelihood of farmers in flood and drought conditions. Recent data on government procurement of crops suggests that it has been purchasing only 25 to 35% of the total wheat production. The largest purchases of wheat have been from farmers in Punjab and Haryana.

2- Auction floor price for eNAM market
The government can make the minimum support price a floor price for the auction in the National Agriculture Market (eNAM). But this will not completely overcome the problem, as the current model price (eNAM) of the mandis is lower than the MSP of all commodities except Urad.

3- APMC may continue to strengthen the market system
The exercise to strengthen the structure of the APMC marketed system can be continued. According to a report of the government, the problems of harvesting and maintenance of food grains thereafter leads to a loss of about Rs 27,000 crore annually. Due to these problems, oilseeds incur a loss of Rs 10,000 crore while pulses lose Rs 5000 crore.

4- Can form an organization for contract farming
The government can create an institution for contract farming (contract farming) in the country, which may have the exclusive right to monitor the price discovery through contract farming. In many countries, contract farming has been instrumental in providing farmers with technical assistance to access the supply chain of the market and to benefit from price stability. The experience in Thailand suggests that market certainty and price stability have encouraged farmers in the country to adopt contract farming.

5-Can change the norms of Kisan Credit Card
The government may also think about changing the rules of Kisan Credit Card due to which banks are under great pressure on the agri portfolio. SBI says that due to changes in the repayment rules of Kisan Credit Card, the monthly income of farmers can rise by 35%. Statistics also show that the less outstandings there are, the lesser the chances of farmers committing suicide.

Status of mandis in the country

APMC Mandi-6179

Registered APMC Market on E-Name – 1000

Registered Traders in E-Name – 1.45 Lakh

1.67 Crore on E-Naam

Withdraw all three bills

Farmers’ leader Rakesh Tikait says that we will not end the agitation till all the three bills are withdrawn. They say that we are ready to talk to the government, but the government is not talking. We have not come here to bow down to anyone. We have brought our complaint to the government. We are just requesting that the three farmers withdraw the bill and MSP law be made for us, but the government is not listening to us.

They say that the government wants to create a land bank in the coming time, the farmer who will not be able to repay the loan, the loan will be removed by taking the land. We have also been saying that the farmer does not need a loan. The farmer needs a reasonable price for his crop.

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