Kisan agitation: Guarantee of neither MSP nor timely resolution of disputes, hoarding big fear | Kisan agitation: Guarantee of neither MSP, nor timely resolution of disputes, hoarding big fear » India News
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Kisan agitation: Guarantee of neither MSP nor timely resolution of disputes, hoarding big fear | Kisan agitation: Guarantee of neither MSP, nor timely resolution of disputes, hoarding big fear

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  • Kisan Agitation: Guarantee of Neither MSP nor Timely Resolution of Disputes, Hoarding Big Fear

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Pramod kumar . new DelhiOne hour ago

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The farmers traveled towards Delhi. The picture is of Thursday.

  • After all, what is there in the three laws related to farmers, which did not stop the protest….

In the Lok Sabha session of September, the central government brought three bills related to farmers. The bills have become law despite opposition. In Punjab and Haryana, farmers are most opposed. Farmers have traveled to Delhi. After all, what are these laws and why there is protest, know.

First Law-Requisite (Amendment) 2020

What was the first law?

The Essential Commodities Act was introduced in 1955. It had a provision to stop hoarding of essential commodities. Adding any item to the list of essential commodities means that the government can control the price of that commodity, its production, its supply. This is often seen when prices of onions and pulses rise.

What’s in the new law?

The government will impose control on the supply of food grains, pulses, potatoes, onions, oilseeds and oil only in the most extraordinary circumstances (war, famine, unexpected price rise or serious natural calamity). The ban on hoarding has been lifted. Meaning traders can store any amount of grains, pulses, oilseeds, etc.

Why the opposition?

Regarding this law, farmers say that this is a bill giving the right to stock to traders. It is feared that the farmer will buy the crop cheaply from the farmer and stock it and sell it to the common man at expensive prices. This will capture the traders from the farmer’s crop to the market.

Second Law {Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Simplification)

What was the first law?

APMC i.e. Agriculture Produce and Live Stock Market Committee is called Mandi in simple language. State governments collect taxes from traders and operate mandis for selling produce here. Government procurement also comes from these mandis. Every state also has an APMC Act attached to them.

What’s in the new law?

Mandi mandate has now been abolished in the new law. Farmers can also sell their produce outside APMC mandis. They can also sell their crops in other districts and states. For this, they or their buyers will not have to pay any fees to the APMC mandis.

Why the opposition?

Much opposition is from this bill. The government says that we will continue to give the minimum support price in the government procurement which happens in the mandis. The farmer argues that when you are bringing the rules of buying and selling in the whole country, then why are you not making the minimum support price mandatory in the private sector also.

  • Agriculture expert Devinder Sharma says – The law that the government has brought today has been continuing in Bihar since 2006. Mandis became non-existent in Bihar due to out-purchase and corporate traders have to wander in Bihar. Only 1% of the farmers in Bihar are able to sell at the crop support price.

Third Law – Agreement on Farmer Price Assurance and Agricultural Services

What was the first law?

Even before this bill, there was an agreement between the farmer and the merchant. But there was no legal way to know where to complain first. Meaning the farmer or businessman could complain in the police station and could also go to court directly.

What’s in the new law?

This gives legitimacy to contract farming. The ownership of the crop will remain with the farmer and after production, the trader will have to buy the product at a fixed price. If there is a dispute, the SDM will then complain to the Collector and then to the Court.

Why the opposition?

Law experts say that the method of resolving the dispute is wrong. Because the deadline for grievance settlement is not fixed. The farmer is not smart enough to fight the case himself, while the company will stand up his lawyer and confuse the farmer.

Most opposition in Punjab-Haryana

Agriculture expert Devinder Sharma says- There are 1840 buying centers in Punjab. There is a 6% tax in the mandi, which facilitates the mandis. Roads have been made to the mandis and about 85 percent of farmers in Punjab Haryana sell crops at MSP. Therefore, the farmers are the most angry about the minimum support price.

What do agricultural experts say?

In opposition … Devender Sharma

  • On the law related to contract farming, the farmer says that he will be bonded. Because the government has not talked about the minimum price.
  • The government is silent on the minimum support price in the bill. Where will the farmer go when the mandis are finished? Only 1% of the farmers of Bihar get support price. The same situation will happen to farmers across the country.
  • How will the mandis be maintained when there is tax in the market and not outside. Mandi is over, government system is over. The peasants will depend only on the capitalists.

In favor … Vijay Sardana

  • This will lead to overall development of villages. There will be less dependence on cities. The middlemen will be finished. The farmer will get money directly.
  • Even if the central government cannot close the mandi, as mandis cannot be removed according to the constitution and running mandis is the job of the state government. Who will stop them

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